From the Chalkboard

Topic # 02

*"An
Accelerating Universe?"*

*Truth:*Finally
Explained

{Posted October 2001, re-visited June 2014}

We shall apply to our visible
universe the concept of the * logical addition of velocities*, namely

Let us assume now we have a
vast universe containing such an enormous, but countless numbers of point light
sources of matter,
stars and galaxies with a
uniformity such that an observer in our frame of reference would be unable to
find significant deviations in the physical characteristics of our universe
simply by
looking out into the celestial sphere in ALL directions. A preferred spatial direction
to point our telescopes to view our universe would be for all practical purposes
completely absent. That is to say that the
density distribution of our physical universe containing the many, many light emitting objects
would appear to have ** no** preferred direction.

Assume that in our vast universe
among the countless numbers of light emitting stellar objects and galaxies, there are a certain
number objects out there that are doomed to suffer a quick extinction, i.e., there
are some stellar systems that will end up in a violent ** super novae**. The probability, however, for such
an event to occur among the many light emitting objects being viewed by the
Earth based observers would be very, very small. One will have to wait for a very long time to be able to witness such an event occurring in our tiny
speck of the universe visible to us given the current technical means available
to us now.

As a ** Gedankenexperiment**
(English:

**Sphere
of Visible Universe**

Let the vertex of this cone be located at our point of
observation on the Earth. Let the height of this cone
extend into the far reaches of
our universe as is dictated by the current level of technical means available to
us. Let this cone define a given solid angle of **Ω**
** Steradians**
that cuts a tiny section out of the sphere enclosing our observable universe.
This section has an area that is equal to r

**We Shall Examine Two (2) Distinct
Schools of Thought**

1) Assume we have a
universe in that is governed by Euclidean Space GeometryGalilean
Transformations of .
Here, a universe Velocities of secondary sources of emission
will permit primary photons of light to propagate void
though the vast regions of space strictly obeying Galilean
Transformations of Velocities. As the observational distances L increase
the receding velocities c-v also decrease relative to our frame of
reference. A rise in the observed number of supper novae events should
continue to occur and at some point start to level off. As the velocity
v of the receding light sources increases, the velocity c-v relative to
our point of observation decreases. Hence, an increase in the transit
time L/(c-v) would occur due to the reduced propagation velocity c-v of the
signals that bring information to our observers. The Earth based
observer is therefore required to wait much longer in order to witness more
distant events due to the increased transit times as a consequence of undisturbed.
Galilean Transformations of Velocities |

2) On the other hand
assume a . Here, in such a universe one would have
assume an effective acceleration of the more distance light emitting
objects, reaching much greater
distances of Lconstancy of the velocity of
light in all frames of reference_{acc} faster in order to force the observation of
an apparently increase in transit times, L_{acc}/c, namely,
the time that would be required for light coming from the light emitting
objects effectively accelerating to vast
astronomical distances. This delayed light will reach our telescopes
assuming the validity of a . constancy of the velocity of light in
all frames of reference |

**BOTTOM
LINE**

A modeling of the universe
in * Euclidean Space Geometry* would not require the flawed
assumptions of a accelerating universe.

**References**

1) "Extinction Shift
Principle: A Pure Classical Alternative to General and Special
Relativity", Dowdye, Jr.,
E.H., Physics
Essays, Volume 20, 56 (2007) (11
pages); DOI: 10.4006/1.3073809 |

2)
"Discourses & Mathematical Illustrations pertaining to the Extinction
Shift Principle under
the Electrodynamics of Galilean Transformations", Third Edition 2012
(Online: Amazon.com, Barnes and Noble, Create Space) |